November 21, 2021 @ 5:00am
Also: how much does confidence really matter?
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Relevant Research & References
Here’s where you can learn more about the people and ideas in this episode:
Daniel M. Wegner (deceased), professor of psychology at Harvard University.
Jimmy Carter, 39th president of the United States.
Kai-Tak Poon, professor of psychology at the Education University of Hong Kong.
Paul Rozin, professor of psychology at University of Pennsylvania.
Sigmund Freud (deceased), Austrian neurologist and founder of psychoanalysis.
Albert Bandura (deceased), professor of psychology at Stanford University.
Edward E. Jones (deceased), professor of psychology at Duke University.
David S. Yeager, professor of psychology at University of Texas at Austin.
Geoffrey L. Cohen, professor of psychology at Stanford University.
Amy Cuddy, social psychologist and bestselling author.
Don A. Moore, professor of management at University of California, Berkeley.
Katy Milkman, professor of behavioral economics at University of Pennsylvania.
Anna Freud (deceased), British psychoanalyst.
“The Appraisal of Intrusive Thoughts in Relation to Obsessional–Compulsive Symptoms” by Terri L. Barrera and Peter J. Norton (Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 2011).
“Paradoxical Effects of Thought Suppression” by Daniel M. Wegner and David J. Schneider (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1987).
“Setting Free the Bears: Escape From Thought Suppression” by Daniel M. Wegner (American Psychologist, 2011).
“The Playboy Interview With Jimmy Carter” by Robert Sheer (Playboy, 1976).
“Who Really Gets Hurt by Violent Fantasies?” by Amanda Mull (The Atlantic, 2019).
“Glad to Be Sad, and Other Examples of Benign Masochism” by Paul Rozin, Katrina Fincher, Alexander Rozin, and Eli Tsukayama (Judgment and Decision Making, 2013).
“The Wisdom of Defense Mechanisms” by Noam Shpancer (Psychology Today, 2018).
“Self-Efficacy: Toward a Unifying Theory of Behavioral Change” by Albert Bandura (Psychological Review, 1977).
“Control of Attributions About the Self Through Self-Handicapping Strategies: The Appeal of Alcohol and the Role of Underachievement” by Edward E. Jones and Steven Berglas (Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1978).
“Applying Theory for Human Betterment” by Albert Bandura (Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2019).
“Breaking the Cycle of Mistrust: Wise Interventions to Provide Critical Feedback Across the Racial Divide” by David Scott Yeager, Valerie Purdie-Vaughns, Julio Garcia, Nancy Apfel, Patti Brzustoski, Allison Master, William T. Hessert, Matthew Williams, Geoffrey L. Cohen (Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2014).
“Advancing Values Affirmation as a Scalable Strategy for Mitigating Identity Threats and Narrowing National Achievement Gaps” by Geoffrey D. Borman (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2017).
“Power Posing: Brief Nonverbal Displays Affect Neuroendocrine Levels and Risk Tolerance” by Dana R. Carvey, Amy J. C. Cuddy, and Andy J. Yap. (Psychological Science, 2010).
“Expansive and Contractive Postures and Movement: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Effect of Motor Displays on Affective and Behavioral Responses” by Emma Elkjær, Mai B. Mikkelsen, Johannes Michalak, Douglas S. Mennin, and Mia S. O’Tolle. (Perspectives of Psychological Science, 2020).
“A Decade of ‘Power Posing’: Where Do We Stand?” by Tom Loncar (The Psychologist, 2021).
Tags: Angela Duckworth, Rebecca Lee Douglas, Stephen Dubner