The Most “Unique, Excellent, and Promising” Episode (Freakonomics, M.D. Ep. 15)

December 9, 2021 @ 11:00pm


Studies by men published in scientific journals are more likely to include glowing, hyperbolic terms. Bapu talks about this “groundbreaking” research (see what we did there?) in a wide-ranging discussion with physicians and an economist about the gender gap in medicine.

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Relevant Research & References

Here’s where you can learn more about the people and ideas in this episode:


Donna Ginther, professor of economics at the University of Kansas.
Vineet Arora, physician and dean of medical education at the University of Chicago.
Julia Files, physician and researcher at the Mayo Clinic in Arizona.


“Female Physicians Earn An Estimated $2 Million Less Than Male Physicians Over A Simulated 40-Year Career,” by Christopher M. Whaley, Tina Koo, Vineet M. Arora, Ishani Ganguli, Nate Gross, and Anupam B. Jena (Health Affairs, 2021).
“Gender Differences in Physician Use of Social Media for Professional Advancement,” by Nicole C. Woitowich, Vineet M. Arora, Tricia Pendergrast, Michael Gottlieb, N. Seth Trueger, and Shikha Jain (JAMA Network, 2021).
“Burnout and Physician Gender: What Do We Know?” by Timothy Hoff and Do R Lee (Medical Care, 2021).
“Toward Gender Equity in Academic Promotions,” by Leah M. Marcotte, Vineet M. Arora, and Ishani Ganguli (JAMA Internal Medicine, 2021).
“Nation’s Physician Workforce Evolves: More Women, a Bit Older, and Toward Different Specialties,” by Patrick Boyle (Association of American Medical Colleges, 2021).
“A Closer Look at the Gender Pay Gap for Physicians,” (University of Minnesota News & Events, 2021).
“Physician Work Hours and the Gender Pay Gap — Evidence from Primary Care,” by Ishani Ganguli, Bethany Sheridan, Joshua Gray, Michael Chernew, Meredith B. Rosenthal, and Hannah Neprash (The New England Journal of Medicine, 2020).
“Can Mentoring Help Female Assistant Professors in Economics? An Evaluation by Randomized Trial,” by Donna K. Ginther, Janet Currie, Francine D. Blau, and Rachel Croson (NBER Working Papers, 2020).
“More Women Than Men Are Enrolled in Medical School,” by Patrick Boyle (Association of American Medical Colleges, 2019).
“Evaluating Unconscious Bias: Speaker Introductions at an International Oncology Conference,” by Narjust Duma, Urshila Durani, Cynthia B. Woods, Lionel A. Kankeu Fonkoua, Joselle M. Cook, Christopher Wee, Harry E. Fuentes, Miguel Gonzalez-Velez, Martina C. Murphy, Shikha Jain, Ariela L. Marshall, Stephanie L. Graff, and Miriam A. Knoll (Journal of Clinical Oncology, 2019).
“Is Blinded Review Enough? How Gendered Outcomes Arise Even Under Anonymous Evaluation,” by Julian Kolev, Yuly Fuentes-Medel, and Fiona Murray (NBER Working Papers, 2019).
“Gender Differences in How Scientists Present the Importance of Their Research: Observational Study,” by Marc J. Lerchenmueller, Olav Sorenson, and Anupam B. Jena (BMJ, 2019).
“Research: How Women and Men View Competition Differently,” by Selin Kesebir (Harvard Business Review, 2019).
“#OldBoysClub: Twitter and Gender Disparities in Health Services Research,” by Penn Staff Today (Penn Today, 2019).
“Social Media and Advancement of Women Physicians,” by Sasha K. Shillcutt and Julie K. Silver (The New England Journal of Medicine, 2018).
“Lost Taussigs — The Consequences of Gender Discrimination in Medicine,” by Lisa S. Rotenstein and Anupam B. Jena (The New England Journal of Medicine, 2018).
“Comparison of Hospital Mortality and Readmission Rates for Medicare Patients Treated by Male vs Female Physicians,” by Yusuke Tsugawa, Anupam B. Jena, Jose F. Figueroa, E. John Orav, Daniel M. Blumenthal, and Ashish K. Jha (JAMA Internal Medicine, 2017).
“Speaker Introductions at Internal Medicine Grand Rounds: Forms of Address Reveal Gender Bias,” by Julia A Files, Anita P Mayer, Marcia G Ko, Patricia Friedrich, Marjorie Jenkins, Michael J Bryan, Suneela Vegunta, Christopher M Wittich, Melissa A Lyle, Ryan Melikian, Trevor Duston, Yu-Hui H Chang, and Sharonne N Hayes (Journal of Women’s Health, 2017).
“Tenure, Women and Economics,” by Colleen Flaherty (Inside Higher Ed, 2016).
“Sex Differences in Physician Salary in US Public Medical Schools,” by Anupam B. Jena, Andrew R. Olenski, and Daniel M. Blumenthal (JAMA Internal Medicine, 2016).
“Sex Differences in Academic Rank in US Medical Schools in 2014,” by Anupam B. Jena, Dhruv Khullar, Oliver Ho, Andrew R. Olenski, and Daniel M. Blumenthal (JAMA, 2015).


Tags: Bapu Jena, Donna Ginther, Julia Files, Mary Diduch, Vinny Arora

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